The Indian subcontinent has a rich history of art, spanning from the Indus Valley Civilization to the Mughal Empire. One aspect that is often overlooked is its painting tradition. Paintings are an important part of any culture’s heritage and India offers some amazing works by artists who have influenced modern Western art as well. This blog post features paintings that will take you on a journey through time with their colors, themes, and techniques so you can see how they were created in different regions over centuries.
1. Indian Miniature Paintings (Classical Indian Art)
Ever wondered what traditional Indian miniature paintings are all about? We are sure you’ve seen them displayed in various museums, libraries, and art galleries. They’re beautiful! These hand-painted images on paper or cotton fabric can be traced back to the 17th century. The interesting thing is how these paintings were used as a teaching tool for history, religion, and science. It’s fascinating to see how small they are (usually only 4″ x 5″) yet so intricate and rich in looks. Also known as Classical Indian Art, these paintings will give you great knowledge about the ruling periods of Mughals, Rajputs, and Paharis. Their lifestyle and culture are beautifully shown through bold brushstrokes and art skills.
2. Pichwai Paintings
Indian art and culture are one of the oldest and most varied in the world. Pichwai paintings are a great way to explore the rich Indian heritage. Pichwai paintings can be traced back to the 16th century when the Nathdwara temple was decorated by the locals with hand-painted illustrations of Lord Krishna. These beautiful works of art hold a huge historical significance as this famous temple where Pichwai paintings were discovered was built by Rajputs.
The intricate artwork, gem work, and embroideries enhance the look of Pichwai paintings so much. Due to their beauty, these paintings can be seen even today in art galleries.
3. Madhubani Paintings
Madhubani paintings are a form of traditional art designed by the women in Mithila region in Bihar. The paintings display the culture of the land in a beautiful style. As far as the origin of Mithila paintings is concerned, there is nothing sure about it. However, it is supposed that the ruler of the Mithila region- King Janak (Sita’s Father) commanded the local artists to bedeck the whole kingdom with Madhubani art in the 7th or 8th Century. He wanted to set a statement for his daughter’s marriage with Lord Rama. Since then these paintings are setting examples when it comes to interior décor.
4. Gond Paintings
The painting was one of the traditional practices amongst the people of the Gond tribe. The Gond painting can be dated back to 1400+ years ago when Gond people used to paint positive and beautiful illustrations on walls and floors of their residences to bring fortune. These exquisite paintings are known to display natural beauty and mythical creatures. Apart from this, Gond paintings are a great source to record ancient incidences and pass on historical knowledge.
5. Pattachitra Paintings
Pattachitra Painting is another intricate art style that lets you explore the rich culture and heritage of India. These traditional paintings are done using mineral colors on a cloth canvas. The artists draw their subjects with delicate lines to create ornate patterns that make for an interesting piece of home décor. Pattachitra is believed to be based on Buddhist traditions from the 5th century AD and has been passed down through generations by temple painters mostly from Odisha and West Bengal. Pattachitra painting can take several months to complete depending on its size – some pieces may even include up to 50 separate panels! In recent years, there is a considerable rise in the demand for this art style for décor purposes.
You need an artifact to enhance the beauty of your home, and these paintings are the best. On one hand, they are so much linked to Indian history and show Indian culture in a rich style while on the other hand, they look stunning in different home interiors.
What type of painting do you like? Let us know in the comments.